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A comparative study of physical and mechanical properties of wood plastic composite produced from different agriculture residues

Ariffin, Noor Afifah and Haslizam, Nurain Nabila and Samsurrijal, Saidatul Asyilah and Selimin, Mohamad Ali and Manap, Norpadzlihatun and Lee, Te Chuan and Abdullah, Hasan Zuhudi and Idris, Maizlinda Izwana (2018) A comparative study of physical and mechanical properties of wood plastic composite produced from different agriculture residues. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, 6-8 March 2018, Bandung, Indonesia.

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Abstract

In recent years, concerns about environmental preservation have fostered research on alternative natural materials, motivated industries to employ more environmentally friendly materials and encouraged the implementation of recycling activities. A comparative study was conducted to investigate the physical and mechanical properties of wood plastic composites (WPC) produced from polypropylene (PP) and recycled polyethylene terephthalate (PET) with different types of fibres (coconut coir, bagasse, and pineapple leaves). The natural fibres were chemically treated then mixed with the PP and PET using a Brabender mixer at the temperature of 200 °C. The WPCs were produced using hot pressing at the temperature of 180 °C with pressure of 0.098 MPa for 15 minutes. Then, the colour, density, water absorption capacity, modulus of rupture, and modulus of elasticity were examined. The results showed that physical and mechanical properties of WPC were strongly dependent on the types and amount of fibres. Moreover, this study also revealed that WPC produced with pineapple leaves fibre possessed excellent physical properties and mechanical properties compared to coconut coir and bagasse fibre. The results of the study indicated that WPC produced from a mixture of PP, recycled PET and pineapple leaves fibre is a viable alternative material to natural wood for wood-based industries.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Wood plastic composite; bagasse; coconut coir; pineapple leaves; physical properties; mechanical properties
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401-492 Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials
Divisions: Faculty of Technology Management and Business > Department of Production and Operation Management
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2019 03:45
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2019 03:45
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/11480
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