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Total electron content forecasting using artificial neural network

Mat Akir, Rohaida and Chellappan, Kalaivani and Abdullah, Mardina (2017) Total electron content forecasting using artificial neural network. Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, 25 (S). pp. 19-28. ISSN 01287680

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Abstract

Space weather forecasting and its importance for the power and communication industry have inspired research related to TEC forecasting lately. Research has attempted to establish an empirical model approach for TEC prediction. In this paper, artificial neural networks (ANNs) have been applied in total electron content using GPS Ionospheric Scintillation and TEC Monitor (GISTM) data from UKM Station. The TEC prediction will be useful in improving the quality of current GNSS applications, such as in automobiles, road mapping, location-based advertising, personal navigation or logistics. Hence, a neural network model was designed with relevant features and customised parameters. Various types of input data and data representations from the ionospheric activity were used for the chosen network structure, which was a three-layer perceptron trained by feed forward back propagation method and tested on the chosen test data. We found that the optimum RMSE occurred with 10 nodes as the best NN for GISTM UKM station for the studied period with RMSE 1.3457 TECU. An analysis was made to compare the TEC from the measured TEC with neural network prediction and from IRI-corr model. The results showed that the NN model forecast the TEC values close to the measured TEC values with 9.96% of relative error. Thus, the forecasting of total electron content has the potential to be implemented successfully with larger data set from multi-centred environment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Forecasting; GPS; IRI-corr model; neural network; total electron content
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
Divisions: Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering > Department of Robotic and Mechatronic Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2019 06:53
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2019 06:53
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/11577
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