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The comparison of properties and cost of material use of natural rubber and sand in manufacturing cement mortar for construction sub-base layer

Rahman, R. and Nemmang, M. S. and Othman, Nor Hazurina and Shahidan, S. and Jemain, Raden Khairul Tajuddin and Abdullah, M. E. and Hassan, M. F. (2017) The comparison of properties and cost of material use of natural rubber and sand in manufacturing cement mortar for construction sub-base layer. In: Global Congress on Construction, Material and Structural Engineering 2017 (GCoMSE2017), 28–29 August 2017, Johor Bahru, Malaysia.

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Abstract

The main issue related to this research was to examine the feasibility of natural rubber SMR 20 in the manufacturing of cement mortar for sub-base layer construction. Subbase layers have certain functions that need to be fulfilled in order to assure strong and adequate permeability of pavement performance. In a pavement structure, sub-base is below the base and serves as the foundation for the overall pavement structure, transmitting traffic loads to the sub-grade and providing drainage. Based on this research, the natural rubber, SMR 20 was with the percentages of 0%, 5%, 10% and 15% to mix with sand in the manufacture of the cement mortar. This research describes some of the properties and cost of the materials for the natural rubber and sand in cement mortar manufacturing by laboratory testing. Effects of the natural rubber replacement on mechanical properties of mortar were investigated by laboratory testing such as compressive strength test and density. This study obtained the 5% of natural rubber replaced in sand can achieved the strength of normal mortar after 7 days and 28 days. The strength of cement mortar depends on the density of cement mortar. According to the cost of both materials, sand shows the lower cost in material for the cement mortar manufacturing than the uses of natural rubber. Thus, the convectional cement mortar which used sand need lower cost than the modified rubber cement mortar and the most economical to apply in industrial. As conclusion, the percentage of 5% natural rubber in the cement mortar would have the same with normal cement mortar in terms of the strength. However, in terms of the cost of the construction, it will increase higher than cost of normal cement mortar production. So that, this modified cement mortar is not economical for the road sub-base construction.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401-492 Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials
Divisions: Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering > Department of Infrastructure and Geomatic Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2019 06:54
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2019 06:54
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/11599
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