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Compressive strength, flexural strength and water absorption of concrete containing palm oil kernel shell

Md Noor, Nurazuwa and Ong, Jun Xiang and Mohd Noh, Hamidun and Abdul Hamid, Noor Azlina and Kuzaiman, Salsabila and Ali, Adiwijaya (2017) Compressive strength, flexural strength and water absorption of concrete containing palm oil kernel shell. In: Global Congress on Construction, Material and Structural Engineering 2017 (GCoMSE2017), 28–29 August 2017, Johor Bahru, Malaysia.

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Abstract

Effect of inclusion of palm oil kernel shell (PKS) and palm oil fibre (POF) in concrete was investigated on the compressive strength and flexural strength. In addition, investigation of palm oil kernel shell on concrete water absorption was also conducted. Total of 48 concrete cubes and 24 concrete prisms with the size of 100mm x 100mm x 100mm and 100mm x 100mm x 500mm were prepared, respectively. Four (4) series of concrete mix consists of coarse aggregate was replaced by 0%, 25%, 50% and 75% palm kernel shell and each series were divided into two (2) main group. The first group is without POF, while the second group was mixed with the 5cm length of 0.25% of the POF volume fraction. All specimen were tested after 7 and 28 days of water curing for a compression test, and flexural test at 28 days of curing period. Water absorption test was conducted on concrete cube age 28 days. The results showed that the replacement of PKS achieves lower compressive and flexural strength in comparison with conventional concrete. However, the 25% replacement of PKS concrete showed acceptable compressive strength which within the range of requirement for structural concrete. Meanwhile, the POF which should act as matrix reinforcement showed no enhancement in flexural strength due to the balling effect in concrete. As expected, water absorption was increasing with the increasing of PKS in the concrete cause by the porous characteristics of PKS

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401-492 Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials
Divisions: Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering > Department of Structural and Material Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2019 06:55
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2019 06:55
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/11629
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