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Effect of train vibration on settlement of soil: a numerical analysis

Tiong, K. Y. and Ling, F. N. L. and Abu Talib, Zaihasra (2017) Effect of train vibration on settlement of soil: a numerical analysis. In: International Conference of Global Network for Innovative Technology and AWAM International Conference in Civil Engineering (IGNITE-AICCE 2017), 8-9 August 2017, Parkroyal Resort, Penang, Malaysia.

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Official URL: DOI:10.1063/1.5005679


The drastic development of transit system caused the influence of ground-borne vibrations induced by train on ground settlement became concern problem nowadays. The purpose of this study is to investigate soil settlement caused by train vibration. To facilitate this study, computer simulation of soil dynamic response using commercial finite element package - PLAXIS 2D was performed to simulate track-subgrade system together with dynamic train load under three different conditions. The results of simulation analysis established the facts that the soil deformation increased with raising in water level. This phenomenon happens because the increasing water level not only induced greater excess pore water pressure but also reduced stiffness of soil. Furthermore, the simulation analysis also deduced that the soil settlement was reduced by placing material with high stiffness between the subgrade and the ballast layer since material with high stiffness was able to dissipate energy efficiently due to its high bearing capacity, thus protecting the subgrade from deteriorating. The simulation analysis result also showed that the soil dynamic response increased with the increase in the speed of train and a noticeable amplification in soil deformation occurred as the train speed approaches the Rayleigh wave velocity of the track subgrade system. This is due to the fact that dynamic train load depend on both the self-weight of the train and the dynamic component due to inertial effects associated with the train speed. Thus, controlling the train speeds under critical velocity of track-subgrade system is able to ensure the safety of train operation as it prevents track-ground resonance and dramatic ground. © 2017 Author(s).

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA703-711 Engineering geology. Rock mechanics. Soil mechanics.
Divisions: Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering > Department of Infrastructure and Geomatic Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2019 03:19
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2019 03:19
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/11642
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