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Effect of storage temperature and storage duration on biodiesel properties and characteristics

Zakaria, Hanis and Khalid, Amir and Sies, Mohamad Farid and Mustaffa, Norrizal and Manshoor, Bukhari (2017) Effect of storage temperature and storage duration on biodiesel properties and characteristics. In: Experiments and Simulations Burner Combustion. Penerbit UTHM, pp. 1-7. ISBN 9789670764825

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Abstract

Biodiesel based on vegetable oil offer a sustainable and environmentally attractive alternative to conventional petroleum based fuel. Biodiesel is produced from any fat or oil, such as soybean oil through transesterification process. Vegetable oil-based fuels are used due to its oxidation stability, stoichiometric point, bio-fuel composition, antioxidants on the degradation and more oxygen compared to diesel gas oil. Biodiesel can be used as a pure fuel or blended with petroleum in any percentage but the standard storage and handling procedures used for biodiesel are the main issue due to the biodiesel fuel specifications. In order to fulfil the industry specifications standard; the fuel should be stored in a clean, dry and dark environment. In this research, three different storage temperature were study which are; low (0-5 °C), ambient, and high (40-50 °C). The key parameters that are required to store biodiesel are discussed, and the recent research advances are noted. After storing all the five types of biodiesel samples for 2016 hours, they were tested with two products of combustion. Images analysis for combustion process is used to carry out image appearances analysis. Under 2016 hours of storage duration, the effect of degradation has occurred although the effect is not significant because the changes are in acceptable range.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP315-360 Fuel
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Energy and Thermofluid Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2019 03:21
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2019 03:21
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/11660
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