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Development of natural fiber as a filter media in removing organic pollutants from greywater

Ridzuan, Mohd Baharudin and Daud, Zawawi and Ahmad, Zulkifli and Md Nordin, Nurul Amira and Zakariah, Zulfairul (2018) Development of natural fiber as a filter media in removing organic pollutants from greywater. Defect and Diffusion Forum, 382. pp. 302-306. ISSN 16629507

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Abstract

Greywater is a wastewater originating from shower, bathtub, bathroom sink, kitchen sink and laundry. Despite the fact of wastewater in Malaysia may also include a complex mixture of organic matter, suspended solids, bacteria and common household chemicals, when used wisely and in a manner that is protective to public health and the environment, it can helps preserve limited water supply. This study aims the efficiency of adsorption of organic pollutants in greywater by using natural fibers such as Kenaf dust and Chitosan powder to treat the colour of water and the cause of odours from the greywater. The objective of this research is to identify the characteristics of greywater according to standard effluent discharge, as well as to characterize the physical properties of Kenaf (Hibiscus Cannabinus L.) and to determine the percent removal parameters of greywater by using Kenaf dust and Chitosan powder as organic removal. Raw greywater samples were taken at main drain Kompleks Parit Raja. The results for raw greywater samples obtained such as COD (253 mg/l), TSS (1800 mg/l), pH (5.89) and turbidity (47.5 NTU) were compared to Effluent Standard Discharge (EQA 1974). The COD removal efficiencies by using kenaf dust and chitosan powder amounted to 51% and 50 %, also TSS removal 89% and 100%. The pH and turbidity amounted to 6.76 and 7.04, 46 NTU and 4.46 NTU respectively. The overall removal of organic pollutants increased with different mass of adsorbents, then the optimum adsorbents were selected 30%, 40% and 50% to form as beads.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Natural fiber; organic pollutants; greywater.
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD169-171 Environmental protection. Environmental geotechnology
Divisions: Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering > Department of Water and Environmental Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2019 02:33
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2019 02:33
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/11782
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