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Iron removal from underground water using coconut shell activated carbon filter

Muhamad, Mimi Suliza and Mohamad Roslan, Nor Atiqa and A.Rahmanan, Noor Khazanah and Sunar, N.M. and Ali, R. and A.Rahmanan, H. A. Hamid and Hamidon, N. and Harun, H. (2018) Iron removal from underground water using coconut shell activated carbon filter. In: Sustainable environmental technology. Penerbit UTHM, pp. 1-14. ISBN 978-967-2216-44-5

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Abstract

Raw water supplies are based on surface and groundwater sources all over the world. It is important to control the groundwater pollution in maintaining sustainable water sources. The common problem of groundwater sources is the high concentration of iron (Fe). These high concentration of iron results in metallic taste of water, effect color, health and cause environmental problem. Therefore, Ministry of Health Malaysia has set the standard quality control for iron in raw and drinking water to be 1.0 mg/L and 0.3 mg/L, respectively. Groundwater generally located beneath the ground and contain in the soil pores. This groundwater is form from water that flows as surface runoff from river which permeates into the soil by gravity. Therefore, the water supply should be clean, palatable, and safe from pollutants that may pose risk to human health. Groundwater is one of the water sources that are less to be polluted with pollutants. However, in today's world of globalization, the increase of land use and rapid growing exploration causes pollution of the underground water sources. Water pollution can be defined as any presence of substances in the water that can change the physical and chemical properties of water and cause harmful to human health as well the environment [1]. Iron is the most common element that can be found abundantly in the groundwater. Therefore, development of water filtration system to treat iron is needed to achieve the requirement of the standard water quality. In this study, chemical testing was carried out on groundwater samples taken from wells at the site located in Lubuk Bakul, Pagoh to identify the composition of the water. This study will be focused on investigation of iron removal efficiency in groundwater using coconut shell activated carbon. The removal of iron will be determined along with other parameters i.e, pH, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, and total alkalinity.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering Technology > Department of Civil Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mr Abdul Rahim Mat Radzuan
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2019 02:43
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2019 02:43
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/11905
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