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A study on awareness of household waste separation in Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor: rural areas

Alias, R. and Ariffin, N.S.M. and P.S.E., Ang and Zainun, N.Y. and Sunar, N.M. and Hamid, N.H.A. and Hamidon, N. and Harun, H. and Muhamad, M.S. and Leman, A.M. (2018) A study on awareness of household waste separation in Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor: rural areas. In: Sustainable Environmental Technology. Penerbit UTHM, pp. 41-51. ISBN 978-967-2216-44-5

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Abstract

Malaysia is embarking on green initiatives which have been expressly stipulated in the Eleventh Malaysia Plan (2016-2020). In order to transform ideas into reality, the government has identified six strategic thrusts and six game changers that will help Malaysia to stay ahead of global challenges and opportunities in the next five years. In one of the strategic thrusts, the government has planned a greener trajectory for sustainability and resilience [1]. As a result, governmental agencies such as the Department of Environment (DOE) has been given the mandate to conserve and protect the environment and its natural resources for present and future generations. Among the ways applied by the government for solving environmental problems, especially waste generation, include waste minimization, compost and incineration. The Public Cleansing Management Act 2007 (SWPCM Act 2007) came into force on 1 September 2011. It was administered by the Ministry of Housing and Local Government. The main objective of the act is to regulate the management of controlled solid waste and to ensure high-quality services in solid waste management [2]. Apart from the government, the community should also play its role in minimizing waste generation at household level. In recent years, household waste separation has gained significant attention from the community and is becoming a common practice in the society. In 2005, Hong Kong launched a program on source separation of domestic waste. The aim of the program was to encourage more people to separate their waste for recycling. The program was proven a success when the rate of recyclable materials increased steadily after the launch. The society has become more aware about the importance of waste separation at source. In addition, they also earned additional income from selling recyclable materials which can be used for their daily expenses [3]. However, the issue with waste separation is the fact that it is only common in developed countries. In developing countries such as Malaysia, the level of household participation in waste separation is still considered low [4]. In Malaysia, solid waste collection is mostly confined to urban and township areas with only limited collection in rural areas. Therefore, the society in rural areas tend to dispose household garbage by burning or digging holes in the backyard, dumping them in open spaces, drains or by the streets, and throwing them into rivers [5]. This contributes to illegal dumping, widespread dumpsites and open burning [6]. Thus, this situation causes serious environmental and social threats due to the improper disposal of solid waste. Therefore, it is important to investigate the level of awareness and involvement of rural residents in waste separation.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: Centre of Diploma Studies > Department of Information Technology
Depositing User: Mr Abdul Rahim Mat Radzuan
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2019 02:43
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2019 02:43
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/11909
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