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Intelligent modelling and control with fatique reduction for fes induced knee joint of hemiplegic for rehabilitation

Mohamed Nasir, Noorhamizah (2017) Intelligent modelling and control with fatique reduction for fes induced knee joint of hemiplegic for rehabilitation. Doctoral thesis, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.

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Abstract

Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is one of the treatment for the people with stroke such as hemiplegic body (half body paralysed) by applying small charges of electricity to the muscle to induce the movement. FES can be applied during rehabilitation stage to enhance the healing process. The development of the intelligent hemiplegic model of the knee joint and control strategies with fatigue reduction for the FES control application are the main concern of this thesis. Modelling the musculoskeletal is significantly challenging due to the complexity of the system. Development of the knee joint model that is capable of relating FES parameters is the first aim of this study. The knee joint model comprising of equations of motion to represent the segmental dynamics and PSO optimised Neural Network - ARX to represent quadriceps muscle properties was formulated. The results show that the muscle model developed gives an accurate dynamic characterisation. Development of the FES-induced extension and flexion motions control is the second aim of this study. To control the motor function of muscle by using external devices such as FES is one of the crucial issues. High nonlinearity and rapid change of muscle properties due to fatigue are the major problems of the FES control system. PSO optimised Fuzzy Logic Control (FLC) has been proposed to handle this complex nonlinear system. A natural trajectory control strategy by using the proposed control system has been assessed. There are two control strategies; knee movement control with and without minimised electrical stimulation were developed. The control problem was to design a FLC such that the knee joint track the desired trajectory as closely as possible. Then, both control strategies were investigated in terms of muscle fatigue. Multi objective PSO optimised FLC was used to minimise the amount of electrical stimulation in order to reduce the muscle fatigue. This control strategy has shown up to 32.6% minimisation of the electrical stimulation in the simulation studies and 35.89 % reduction the muscle fatigue in the experimental work. Therefore, this control strategy can be applied as FES control system for the treatment in rehabilitation to enhance the healing process for the stroke subjects such as hemiplegic patients.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering > Department of Electronic Engineering
Depositing User: Sabarina Che Mat
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2020 03:56
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2020 03:56
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/12066
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