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Removal of total suspended solid by natural coagulant derived from cassava peel waste

Mohd-Asharuddin, S. and Othman, N. and Mohd-Zin, N. S. and Tajarudin, H. A. (2018) Removal of total suspended solid by natural coagulant derived from cassava peel waste. In: IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series.

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Abstract

The present study was aimed to investigate the performance of starch derived from cassava peel waste as primary coagulant and coagulant aid. Comparable study was also conducted using commercially used aluminium sulfate (alum) as primary coagulant. A series of Jar tests were performed using raw water from Sembrong Barat water treatment plant. It was observed that coagulation test using cassava peel starch (CPS) alone had unappreciable removing ability. However, it was found that combination of alum-CPS successfully achieve up to 90.48% of total suspended solid (TSS) removal under optimized working conditions (pH 9, 7.5mg/L : 100 mg/L of alum : CPS dosage, rapid mixing of 200 rpm for 1 minute; 100 rpm for 2 minutes, slow mixing of 25 rpm for 30 minutes and 30 minutes settling time). This remarks the reduction in alum dosage up to 50% compared to coagulation test using alum alone. Therefore this finding suggesting that CPS can be considered as potential source of sustainable and effective coagulant aid for water treatment especially in developing countries.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Depositing User: Mr Abdul Rahim Mat Radzuan
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2020 03:09
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2020 03:09
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/12803
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