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Water quality improvement of Sungai Kenawar Segamat (Prototype Test Site) using Eco Bio Block (EBB)

Ridzuan , Mohd Baharudin and Mustapha, Shahabuddin and Mohd Masirin , Mohd Idrus (2008) Water quality improvement of Sungai Kenawar Segamat (Prototype Test Site) using Eco Bio Block (EBB). In: 1st National Seminar on Environment, Development and Sustainability (PSISenviro2008), 28-29 July 2008, Selangor, Malaysia.


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Water is one of the most important resources for all living things on earth. River is the main source of water supply. However, the aggressive economic growth in our country has spoilt the environments which then lead to river pollution. This study will focus on Sungai Kenawar’s water quality analysis by using Eco Bio Block. This biotechnology water treatment solution does not require high maintenance cost as compared to other mechanical methods that had been used. The concept was based on using environmental-friendly microorganisms to treat raw water from the river source. The study will determine the trend and level of pollution. This study applies the Water Quality Index (WQI) as a fundamental water quality assessment for river classification. Basically, this study involves two tests namely test 1 which entail 12 weeks of sampling and analysis and test 2 which entails continues 24 hours monitoring. There are two main methods involved, which are field measurements and laboratory experiments. In field, the parameters measured consist of pH, conductivity, turbidity, temperature, dissolved oxygen (DO), and total dissolved solid (TDS). Meanwhile, the laboratory test parameters consist of dissolved oxygen (DO), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), suspended solid (SS), ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N), and nitrite (NO2). Based on the preliminary results and data gained, EBB’s usage showed improved water quality of Sungai Kenawar to about 29% for test 1 and 27.5 % for test 2. Besides that, it was found that the water quality class improved from class IV to class III.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: river water pollution; water quality index (WQI); water quality improvement; Eco Bio Block (EBB)
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD201-500 Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes
Divisions: Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering > Department of Water and Environmental Engineering
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2012 03:10
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2012 03:10
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/2301
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