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Pattern and relationship between multiple intelligences, personality traits and critical thinking skills among high achievers in Malaysia

Lee, Ming Foong and Shariffudin, Rio Sumarni and Mislan, Nora (2012) Pattern and relationship between multiple intelligences, personality traits and critical thinking skills among high achievers in Malaysia. In: 3rd International Conference on e-Education, e-Business, e-Management and e-Learning , 5 - 7 January 2012, Hong Kong.


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Research findings have shown that learners encountered many learning difficulties. However, for effective learning one has to know oneself and having knowledge about one’s strengths and weaknesses. The process of teaching and learning will be more effective and meaningful when teachers and learners know their potential, their unique styles, strengths and weaknesses in learning. Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences is a psychological and educational theory espousing that ten types of "intelligence" exist in humans, each relating to a different sphere of human life and activity. Nowadays, how learners interpret knowledge differs greatly from what used to be perceived by the teachers. The manner in which teachers deliver the knowledge may not match the expectations of the learners, thus results in teachers’ instructional methods became inefficient and learners failed to learn. The dramatic change in learners should be balanced by an equal change in teachers’ instruction especially among high achievers. This paper examines the Multiple Intelligences pattern, personality traits and critical thinking skills among the high achievers. The population involved were high achievers from all over Malaysia comprising of 1268 students selected at random from secondary schools enrolling high achievers such as boarding schools, Mara Science College, as well as religious schools nationwide. These data include the frequency, percentage and level of achievement and relationship for aspects of personality types, multiple intelligences and critical thinking skills of the high achievers. The Multiple Intelligences Inventory was modified and validated according to the research needs. The results showed that high achievers possess the following intelligences: Intrapersonal> Existential> Bodily/Kinesthetic> Logical/Mathematical > Visual/Spatial> Interpersonal > Verbal/Linguistic> Naturalist> Musical/Rhythmic. The personality traits of the high achievers are in the order EN>ES>IS>IN. Whilst their critical thinking skills are in the order of EA>DE>RA>IF>IT. The results also displayed some significant correlations between multiple intelligences, personality traits and critical thinking skills of high achievers.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: high achiever; multiple intelligences; Personality Traits; Critical Thinking Skills
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1050 Educational psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Technical and Vocational Education > Department of Professional Education
Depositing User: M.Iqbal Zainal A
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2012 02:50
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2012 00:45
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/2353
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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