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Plant fiber reinforced polymer matrix composite: a discussion on composite fabrication and characterization technique

Hashim, Mohd Yussni and Ahmad Zaidi , Ahmad Mujahid and Ariffin , Saparudin Plant fiber reinforced polymer matrix composite: a discussion on composite fabrication and characterization technique. In: The International Conference on Civil and Environmental Engineering Sustainability (IConCEES 2011), 3-5 April 2012, Johor Bahru, Malaysia.


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Environmental awareness and depletion of petroleum resource issues have triggered an enormous interest in utilizing natural fiber as environmentally friendly and sustainable materials as an alternative to existing materials. Natural fiber reinforced polymer composites have many advantages like availability, inexpensive, renewable, minimal health hazards, relative high specific strength and modulus, lightweight, and biodegradable. However, the physical properties of natural fiber had large variation according to plant originality, plant maturity, location in plant, retting and treatment technique and composite processing technique. Furthermore, their applications are still limited due to several factors like hydrophilic nature of plant fiber which lead to poor compatibility between plant fiber and polymer matrix, high moisture absorption, poor wettability, restricted processing temperature and poor dimensional stability. Therefore, this review gives a short review of recent literature focused on the plant fiber reinforced thermosetting matrix composite. These include plant fiber preparation, composite fabrication technique, fiber-matrix volume fraction and composite material characterization. The composite characterization will highlight the commonly used mechanical, thermal, water and moisture properties evaluation. Few areas of further study have been stressed to attempt the abovementioned challenges in plant fiber reinforced thermosetting matrix composite fabrication.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: plant fiber; composite; thermosetting matrix; fiber volume fraction
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401-492 Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2012 06:15
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2012 06:15
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/2541
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