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Building local capacities towards sustaining community based tourism development (CBET): experience from Miso Walal Homestay, Kinabantangan Sabah, Malaysia.

Harun, Hairuddin and Hassan, Razali and Abdul Razzaq, Abdul Rasid and Mustafa, Mohamad Zaid (2012) Building local capacities towards sustaining community based tourism development (CBET): experience from Miso Walal Homestay, Kinabantangan Sabah, Malaysia. In: Regional Conference on Higher Education-Community-Industry Engagement, 7-9 May 2012, Kuala Lumpur.


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Tourism has become one of the world's most important sources of employment. It stimulates enormous investment in infrastructure, most of which also helps to improve the living conditions of localpeople. It provides governments with substantial tax revenues. Most new tourism jobs and businesses are created in developing countries, helping to equalize economic opportunities and keep rural residentsfrum moving to overcrowded cities. Unsurprisingly, many developing countries have recognized tourism as a catalyst for social economic development particularly in the suburban area. In Malaysia, Homestay program is realized by government as a catalyst for rural community development and has been actively promoted by Ministry of Tourism as an alternative form of tourism since 1995. Due to the potential of homestay program to provide additional income and employment, the number of homestay providers in Malaysia is increasing. In 2009, there were 140 homestays with 3,264 participants. Homestay program has been given special emphasis by the Ministry of Tourism, and under the 9th Malaysia Plan, a total ofRM40 million has been allocated to the ministry for upgrading infastructure and facilities in participating villages. On top of that, the program was given an additional boost of RMlO million under the Second Stimulus Package. In addition, the Ministry of Rural and Regional Development spent RM 6.7 million in 2008 for infrastructure development related to rural tourism project. However most of the failure of tourism projects at the community level is due to the lack of attention given on community capacity building to empower the local communities in the tourism development. Thus this st& is to explore the process of community capacity building for towism development in Miso Walai Homestay, District of Batu Puteh, Kinabatangan Sabah. Case study is employed as a deep understanding of the process and phenomenon can be obtained .The findings of research reveal that the process of capacity building exist even before the project starts. With the support of NGO, process of community capacity building started in 1997-2000 with bottom up approach. Starting with nun business community organization known as MESCOT (Model Ecological Sustainable Community Tourism), it has evolved to the establishment of community business entity-Koperasi Pelancongan Batu Putih Berhad-KOPEL (Tourism Co-operative) in 2003.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General) > G154.9-1558 Travel and State. Tourism
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2012 03:25
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2012 03:25
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/2610
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