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Properties of cement blocks containing high content of oil palm empty fruit bunches (EFB) fibres

Kolop, Roslan and W. I.M, Haziman and Eng, J. W. Properties of cement blocks containing high content of oil palm empty fruit bunches (EFB) fibres. In: International Conference on Civil Engineering Practice (ICCE08).


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Natural fibres reinforced cement-based materials have gain increasing application in residential housing components. One of the natural fibres considered is oil palm empty fruit bunches (EFB) fibres which offer advantages such as availability, renewability, low cost and the established technology to extract the fibres. This study investigates the properties of cement block incorporated with large amount of oil palm EFB fibres. The blocks were mixed with 10 to 30% oil palm EFB fibres based on cement weight into the block. A total of 60 block samples of dimensions 100mm x 200mm x 400 mm were manufactured in this study using a high density operated block making machine with a cement-sand ratio of 1:6. Among the tests conducted was compressive strength, density, water absorption, drying shrinkage and prism tests. It was found that high EFB fibres content lead to lower strength, higher absorption and drying shrinkage. The results also indicate that high EFB fibres contents reduced the self-weight of the blocks and the resulting blocks can be classified as lightweight cement blocks suitable to be used as lightweight walling materials.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: cement blocks, compressive strength, lightweight blocks, oil palm empty fruit bunches fibres(EFB).
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering > Department of Structural and Material Engineering
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2010 08:58
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2011 06:40
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/270
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