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The importance of entrepreneur in industrial design approach (Bio-45D Machine)

Abd Baser, Jamil and Tahar, Mohd Salleh and Ahmad Tajuddin, Mohd Kamil and Ali, Khairul Fahmi (2010) The importance of entrepreneur in industrial design approach (Bio-45D Machine). In: Persidangan Kebangsaan Pendidikan Kejuruteraan dan Keusahawanan 2010, 25-26 September 2010, Kota Bahru, Kelantan.


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Food enterprise called chips based on materials such as banana, cassava and sweet potatoes are most popular among the Malay Community. This material will be processed by slicing in small pieces and then fried with cooking oil. The commencement survey shows that Small Medium Entrepreneurs Industry (SMEI) in Batu Pahat, Johore (Malaysia) tossed away the saturated cooking oil since that it was not use anymore. Researcher concluded that this phenomenon can be beneficial by creating a machine which use to convert the cooking oil to bio-diesel yet can be reused as stove and boiler fuel. The innovation of bio-diesel machine is used to develop understanding for student in the area of Industrial Design such as the basic concept, research methodology, design application and to create a product based on Problem Based Learning (PBL). The design of Bio-45D machine was applying on the ADDIE Model and a principle of liquid flows through gravity with the control of Digital Relay Timer and Electrical Relay in order to execute five basic process of producing bio-diesel. The processes involved were pre-heating, mixing between 20% of Methanol and 5% of caustic soda (Natrium Hidroxyde) at controlled temperature of 60°С -70°С, precipitating of glycerin and the deportation of 6%-8% of glycerine silt which producted the bottom of main reactor. In turn, Bio-45D Machine can produce more than 90% bio-diesel, avoid waste by recycling the used cooking oil to bio-diesel, also it can save the cost even in mass production. The design is a combination of knowledge and skills are also relevant to the other sector, such as agriculture and food industries. Furthermore, this Bio-45D machine has been contested at the international level. The best achievement was a Gold Medal, The Best Award in Malaysia Technology Expo 2009 and The World Exhibition On Innovation Research and New Technologies 2009 (Brussels Innova „09).

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: bio-diesel; cooking oil; industrial design; research and innovation
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD2321-4731 Industry
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2012 06:46
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2019 01:44
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/3177
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