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Soft skills implementation in basic vocational education: transformation of Malaysian Education System

Azmi, Nur Iwani and Mohd. Hashim, Mohamad Hisyam (2012) Soft skills implementation in basic vocational education: transformation of Malaysian Education System. In: International Conference on Active Learning (ICAL 2012), 18-20 September 2012, UTeM, Melaka.


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This concept paper describes the implementation of Basic Vocational Education which is also a stream in the lower secondary system at the Academic Secondary School. The main focus is related to soft skills implementation in Curriculum Structure of Basic Vocational Education which includes three components namely Self-esteem, Vocational Technology and Vocational Skills apart from the Entrepreneurial Skills across the curriculum taught during the three years of study. Implemented curriculum also focused on building self-esteem, development of entrepreneurial competencies and competency development of Vocational Skills at Level 1 and Level 2 in the Malaysian Skills Certificate. In fact, the transformation of Vocational Education in Academic Secondary School was also highlighted by the addition of Vocational Education opportunities are offered starting with the Living Skills Course is taught from Form 1 to Form 3 as pre-technical and vocational education. Then offering Vocational subjects for students from Form 4 to Form 5 as an extension and expansion of Living Skills Course and also provides opportunities for students who are more likely to vocational programs in the form of hand skills. Basic Vocational Education is introduced at the earliest stage which is starting from Form 1 to Form 3 in preventing student dropout rates and also increases student enrolment vocational and skills in the country. This concept paper has proposed the improvements of soft skill adoption in the curriculum implementation in order to improve the effectiveness of the Basic Vocational Education. Finally through the inculcation of soft skills is able to produce students with critical thinking, creative and innovative, skilled and prepared with the noble values which will be a contribution to the success of Malaysian Vision 2020 to increase productivity and advancing the national economy.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: soft skills; basic vocatonal education
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2361 Curriculum
Divisions: Faculty of Technical and Vocational Education > Department of Professional Education
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2013 02:14
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2015 08:07
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/3304
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