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Mechanical and physical behaviour of short and randomly oriented banana pseudo-stem fiber reinforced epoxy composite

Masrol, Shaiful Rizal and Sudin, S. A. and Ibrahim, M. H. I. (2013) Mechanical and physical behaviour of short and randomly oriented banana pseudo-stem fiber reinforced epoxy composite. In: International Conference on Mechanical Engineering Research (ICMER2013), 1-3 July 2013, Kuantan, Pahang.

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Abstract

A study has been carried out to investigate the mechanical and physical characteristics of short, treated and randomly oriented Musa Acuminata x Balbisiana Colla (also known as Pisang Awak) pseudo-stem fiber reinforced epoxy composite. The composite was fabricated by using hand lay-up method with three different banana fiber weight compositions of 5 wt%, 10 wt% and 15 wt%. The banana fiber was treated with 5 % of NaOH. The increment in fiber weight percentage has contributed to composite characteristics since the highest fiber percentage which is 15 wt% of banana pseudostem fiber content shows the highest strength in maximum stress, Young's modulus, flexural strength, impact strength, hardness and water absorption percentage with average value of 34.121 MPa, 1150.098 MPa, 20.935 MPa, 0.343 J/mm2, 80.8 Shore hardness and 1.536% for water absorption respectively. Fiber and matrix interaction was observed using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). This study shows the potentiality of banana pseudo-stem fiber in green composite technology and allows production of many products.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: banana fiber; natural fiber; reinforced composite; random oriented; epoxy
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401-492 Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Engineering Mechanics
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2013 04:20
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2015 08:01
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/4038
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