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Suitability of Malaysia’s pineapple leaf and napier grass as a fiber substitution for paper making industry

Daud, Zawawi and Mohd Hatta, Mohd Zainuri and Mohd Kassim, Angzzas Sari and Mohd Aripin, Ashuvila (2013) Suitability of Malaysia’s pineapple leaf and napier grass as a fiber substitution for paper making industry. In: 6th Engineering Conference: energy and environment (ENCON2013), 2-4 July 2013, Kuching, Sarawak.


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The agro waste materials have a high potential to give benefit to paper industry. Two different crops will be studied include pineapple (Ananas Comosus) leaf and Napier grass ( Pennisetum purpureum) where high potential to become an alternative fiber. The objective of this work was to analysis the chemical composition both material and to investigate the fiber morphology properties of pineapple leaves and napier grass fiber. The chemical composition of fiber was analyzed by TAPPI method (Ash, Lignin and Sodium Hydroxide soluble content), Chlorination method (Cellulose; Holocellulose) and Kuchner-Hoffner method (Kuchner-Hoofner). Both samples were undergoing Screen Electron Microscopic (SEM) use for observation. This research indicates pineapple leaf has a high Cellulose (66.2%) rather than napier grass (41.0%) content. Lignin content in Pineapple leaf is the lowest (4.2%) compared to other material and Napier grass (10.7%) in this study. Scanning Electron Microscopic (SEM) showed a condensed composition of fiber structure on both crops. The chemical compositions and morphology study of pineapple leaf indicate that it is more favourable than napier grass to be used as an alternative pulp in paper making industry and beneficial on promoting the green technology. These instructions give you guidelines for preparing papers.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: fiber; napier grass; pineapple leaf; chemical composition; green technology; pulp and paper making
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401-492 Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials
Divisions: Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering > Department of Water and Environmental Engineering
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2013 05:00
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2015 07:46
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/4046
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