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Waterfront development in Malaysia: examining laws and regulation

Md. Yassin, Azlina and Masrom, Mohd Asrul Nasid (2013) Waterfront development in Malaysia: examining laws and regulation. In: 2nd International Conference on Sustainable Infrastructure and Built Environment 2013 (SIBE 2013), 19-20 November 2013, Bandung, Indonesia.


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Waterfront redevelopment emerged in the 1970s; with numerous waterfront areas undergoing a transition from abandoned spaces to commercial, residential and recreational areas. This transformation symbolizes the independent city states’ efforts to remake themselves for the 21st century. However, due to constraints such as ineffective governance as well as inadequate federal, state and municipal planning guidelines, the waterfronts have problems such as environmental degradation, crime and flooding. Although some waterfront development projects continue to remain profitable, with good public access, many do not. The focus of this paper was to identify and evaluate the current regulations and guidelines related to waterfront development in Malaysia. The findings of this paper were based on the questionnaires mailed and e-mailed to ninety-one property development companies listed under Bursa Malaysia in 2009. The findings identified ten laws and regulations that related to waterfront development in Malaysia such as; the National Land Code 1965, the Town and Country Planning Act 1976, and the Environment Quality Act 1974. In term of the sufficiency of those regulations and guidelines for controlling waterfront development, more than half of respondents determined that Malaysia did not have sufficient regulations to control waterfront development as well as Malaysian government moderately enforced the regulations for waterfront development in Malaysia. This indicates that perhaps the government and the policy makers might need to improve regulations for waterfront development.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: enforcement; laws and regulation; waterfront; waterfront development
Subjects: T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Technology Management and Business > Department of Real Estate Management
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2014 02:25
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2015 08:03
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/4618
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