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Impacts of biodiesel storage duration on fuel properties and emissions

Khalid , Amir and Tamaldin, N. and Jaat, M. and Mohd Ali, Mas Fawzi and Mansoor, Bukhari and Zaman, Izzuddin (2013) Impacts of biodiesel storage duration on fuel properties and emissions. In: MITC 2013 : Malaysian International Tribology Conference 2013, 18- 20 November 2013, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia .

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Abstract

Biodiesel produced from any fat or oil blended with diesel in different percentage has emerged as a11 alternative diesel and renewable energy. In Malaysia, crude palm oil (CPO) is the most preferable feedstock to be converting into biodiesel via transesterification process. This study aimed to investigate the effects of storage duration of variant blending biodiesel ratio under different storage temperature on he1 properties and exhaust emissions. The biodiesel samples were stored in clinical compartment, at different temperatures and were monitored at regular interval over a period of 60 days. Blending of biodiesel was varied from 5vol%(B5)- 45vol%(B45) and storage temperature from 5OC-30°C. The tests subject presented in this research is performed with ASTM D675 1 and EN 14214 standard. The effects of storage conditions on properties of biodiesel such as density, kinematics viscosity, acid value, water content and flash point of biodiesel were discussed in detail. Furthermore, the experimental with burner system was carried out to observe the influences of storage method on emission aspects. Analysis of the measurement performed shows that the biodiesel density, viscosity and carbon monoxide are affected by storage duration and storage temperature. High blending ratio exhibits relative variant in emissions production due to the higher oxygenated fuel.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: biodiesel storages time; crude palm oil; viscosity; water content; emission
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP315-360 Fuel
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Plant and Automotive Engineering
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2014 09:32
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2015 07:55
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/4768
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