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Characteristics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons emissions of palm-biodiesel blend

Mohamed Sunar, Norshuhaila and Emparan, Q. and Abdul Karim, Ahmad Tarmizi and Maslan, Masayu and Mustafa, Fazlyana and Khaled, Nadiah (2013) Characteristics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons emissions of palm-biodiesel blend. In: 1st International Conference on Science & Engineering of Material 2013 (ICoSEM 2013), 13-14 November 2013, Kuala Lumpur .


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Pure diesel fuel and biodiesel/diesel blends are widely used as important materials in manufacturing and transportation industries because of increasing industrialization rate and consumption of energy worldwide. However, it causes environmental damages due to spills during their extraction, transportation, processing, and distribution. The spill simulation with pure diesel (D 100) and pure palm-biodiesel (B100) and their blends (B50) have been carried out in laboratory, aiming at analyzing their polyaromatic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The procedures involved the extraction of PAHs from samples with mixtures of acetone:n-hexane (300, 1:l vlv) and extracts were proceed for further cleaning with column chromatograph technique prior to GCIMS analysis. Total of 16 compounds of PAHs were determined in this study due to their toxicity potential as officially stated by United States of Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). The results show that the blends with higher concentration of palm-biodiesel (B 100) contain the lowest concentration of these compounds followed by B50 and D100. Most of quantification limits obtained for all of these compounds (between 0.06 mg/L and 11.46 mg/L) were exceeded the permitted limits of "Maximum Permissible Concentration" (MPCs) for PAHs recommended by Netherland and Canada standard quality guidelines.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: PAHs; biodieselldiesel-contaminated soil; extraction; cleanup; GCMS
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP315-360 Fuel
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering Technology > Department of Chemical Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2014 03:39
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2015 08:05
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/4874
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