UTHM Institutional Repository

Cocoa pod husk and corn stalk: alternative paper fibres study on chemical characterization and morphological structures

Daud, Zawawi and Awang, Halizah and Mohd Kassim, Angzzas Sari and Mohd Hatta, Mohd Zainuri and Mohd Aripin, Ashuvila (2014) Cocoa pod husk and corn stalk: alternative paper fibres study on chemical characterization and morphological structures. In: 4th International Conference on Key Engineering Materials (ICKEM 2014) , 22-23 March 2014, Bali, Indonesia .


Download (269kB)


Due to a shortage of wood source fibre in paper making industry's interest to agriculture residues fibre as a potential fibre sources in this industry. In this situation, importance has been developing in the paper industry from agriculture residue that will replace the wood fibre. Cocoa pod husk and Corn stalk are agriculture residues, which is good materials for paper production. The objectives of this study are to investigate the chemical characterization and surface morphology structure of these materials. The main components of materials which are cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin and ash content were parameters that involved in determination of chemical characterization in this study. The determination of chemical composition was accordance to Kurshner-Hofher approach (cellulose), Chlorine Method (hemicellulose), T 222 om-06 (lignin) and T 2 1 1 om-07 (ash content). Scanning electron microscopy was used to observe the surface structure of materials. From results obtained, corn stalk shows the higher amount in cellulose (39%) and hemicellulose (42%) content compared to the cocoa pod husk. In addition, lower lignin content also obtained in Corn stalk (7.3%) rather than that Cocoa pod husk (14.7%). From Scanning electron microscopy images, Corn stalk and Cocoa pod husk contained abundance lignocellulosic and rough surface structure due to the untreated materials. The result either chemical characterization or surface morphology that obtained in Corn stalk and Cocoa pod husk fibre wastes can be used successfully as an alternative fibres sources in papermaking application.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: cocoa pod husk; corn stalk; fibre; green technology; agriculture residues
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS1080-1268 Paper manufacture and trade
Divisions: Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering > Department of Water and Environmental Engineering
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2014 01:48
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2014 01:48
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/5628
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year