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The freelancer: a conceptual review

Kazia, Abdul Ghafoor and Md Yusoff, Rosman and Khana, Anwar and Kazib, Shazia (2014) The freelancer: a conceptual review. Sains Humanika, 2 (3). pp. 1-7. ISSN 2289-6996


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This paper provides a detail review of conceptualization of a freelancer, describing its history, jobs, earnings, top hiring, freelancer countries, popular websites those serves as broker between employer and freelancer. Study also elaborate differences between an entrepreneur and a freelancer. Study supported by empirical evidences through a non-systematic narrative review of the existing literature. Study exposed facts about freelancers. Firstly, it was found that current organizational structure is changing to support labor market and technological changes, this shows sustainable growth in individual contractors, now referred as freelancer. Secondly, literature review shows that the freelancing is rooted back to 1970s and started growing continuously since 1980s. Thirdly, study distinguished that the entrepreneur is a person who engages service or product of someone’s to establishes a business; whereas a freelancer is a person who engages own-skills to serve client(s), he/she serves multiple clients for multiple job types. Lastly, empirical evidence shows that freelancing is still considered as a new and different area, researchers and policy makers may explore it further.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: entrepreneur; freelancer; contractor; boundary-less worker; portfolio-worker
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD4801-8943 Labor. Work. Working class
Divisions: Faculty of Applied Science and Technology > Department of Humanities
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2014 06:50
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2014 06:50
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/6158
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