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Application of peat filter media in treating kitchen wastewater

Radin Mohamed, Radin Maya Saphira and Chan, Chee-Ming and Ghani, Hasyimah and Mat Yasin, Mohd Azarudin and Mohd Kassim, Amir Hashim (2013) Application of peat filter media in treating kitchen wastewater. International Journal of Zero Waste Generation, 1 (1). pp. 11-16. ISSN 2289 4497

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A laboratory set up was used to determine the treatment capacity and effectiveness of bio-treatment system, which consists of a gravel-sand pre-treatment layer followed by a natural peat layer as the primary filter medium to treat kitchen wastewater by percolation. The filter column contained a 50 cm layer of peat lightly compacted to a density of 0.150 g/cm3 and supplied with 10 cm kitchen wastewater per day. The treatment gave the following reductions: SS, 72%; CODtot, 37%; BOD5, 40% and NH+4 -N, 87%. The effluent had a pH of 6.6-6.7. The physical properties of the peat did not appear to be significantly affected by the applied densities of a kitchen wastewater percolation (α = 0.05), as suggested by the voids ratio - applied pressure plots, which shows relatively unchanged compression characteristics pre- and post- filtration. However, the XRF test results show that Silicon Dioxide (SiO2) and Aluminium Oxide (Al2O3) increased after filtration. It was also shown in the study that peat can be potentially used for the removal of pollutants, with the post-filter water quality parameters complying well within the limits of Standard B effluent stipulated in the Environmental Quality Act 1974 (Sewage and Industrial Effluents, 2009). Thus, peat media can serve as a sustainable, effective and economical option for the filtration of kitchen greywater.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: kitchen wastewater; peat; filtration
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD1-157 Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering > Department of Water and Environmental Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Radin Maya Saphira Radin Mohamed
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2014 08:16
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2014 08:16
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/6196
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