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The effects of worked example and problem solving on learning performance and cognitive load

Lai, Chee Sern and Mohd Salleh, Kahirol and Sulaiman, Nor Lisa and Mohamad, Mimi Mohaffyza and Md Yunos, Jailani (2014) The effects of worked example and problem solving on learning performance and cognitive load. In: 4th Shanghai International Conference on Social Science 2014, 13-15 September 2014 , Shanghai, China.


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The research was conducted to compare the impacts of problem-based learning (PBL) and example-based learning (EBL) on the learning performance in an engineering domain. The research was implemented by means of experimental design. Specifically, a two-group experiment with a pre- and post-test design was used in this research. A total of 37 students were randomly assigned to PBL and EBL groups. A pre- and post test were developed to measure learning performance. In addition, cognitive loads imposed by those learning strategies were gauged and using NASA-TLX questionnaire. The results reveal that EBL is a more effective way to enhance learning performance and induces lower cognitive load during the process of learning and answering the test in comparison to PBL.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: example-based learning; problem-based learning; learning performance; cognitive load
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher education
Divisions: Faculty of Technical and Vocational Education > Department of Engineering Education
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2015 07:40
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2015 07:40
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/6198
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