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Influence of zinc oxide nanoparticles in the nanofiltration of hazardous Congo red dyes

Hairom, Nur Hanis Hayati and Mohammad, Abdul Wahab and Kadhum, Abdul Amir Hassan (2015) Influence of zinc oxide nanoparticles in the nanofiltration of hazardous Congo red dyes. Chemical Engineering Journal, 260. pp. 907-915. ISSN 1385-8947

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Abstract

Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles were produced via a simple and green precipitation method under stirring conditions (ZnO-St) and under ultrasonic radiation (ZnO-Us). The nanoparticles properties were characterised with X-ray fluorescence (XRF), X-ray diffractometry (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM); and compared with commercial ZnO and no ZnO. Their influence in the nanofiltration (NF) of hazardous Congo red dyes was studied in order to provide the fundamental understanding in the interacting effect of ZnO and NF membranes. The membrane performances were significantly improved after the addition of ZnO in the dye solution in descending order as follows: ZnO-Us > ZnO-St > commercial ZnO > no ZnO. It is believed that the preparation method, agglomerations and the morphology of nanoparticles influence their interaction with dye molecules and membrane surfaces. Membrane characterisations using contact angle, X-ray fluorescence (XRF), Field Emission Scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis (EDX) confirmed that ZnO nanoparticles have great potential for fouling mitigation in industrial NF application.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: zinc oxide; nanoparticles; precipitation; congo red dye; nanofiltration; fouling
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering Technology > Department of Electrical Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2015 06:53
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2015 06:53
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/6278
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