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An effect of fractal baffles and impellers with double stage 4-blade rushton turbine to fluid flow behaviour in stirred tank

Manshoor, Bukhari and Yusof, Afifah and Suraya Laily, Suraya Laily and Zaman @ Bujang, Izzuddin and Khalid, Amir (2014) An effect of fractal baffles and impellers with double stage 4-blade rushton turbine to fluid flow behaviour in stirred tank. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 660. pp. 816-822. ISSN 1662-7482

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The stirred tank is widely used in many industries to obtain the desired type of fluid mixing. In the context of mixing process, two different fluids and have a different properties will mix in a single equipment to produce another fluid with a new property. In this research, a new approach of stirred tank which is containing a new design of baffles and impellers was proposed for fluid mixing. The new design of baffles and impellers that proposed here are used a fractal pattern for both parts in the stirred tank. Implementing a fractal pattern for baffles and impellers in stirred tank believe will influence the flow characteristic inside the stirred tank, hence will improve a mixing performance. In order to investigate the kinds of flow properties, a Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) technique with 1 μm seeding particle was used. Four configurations were tested which are normal baffles and normal impellers, normal baffles and fractal impellers, fractal baffles and normal impellers, and the last configuration is fractal baffles and fractal impellers. In this study, dual Rushton impellers with 4 blades were used with the configurations mentioned. The result shows the significant flow field capture by PIV measurement on each configuration. By using fractal impeller some vortex are shown in the tank and high velocity vector on flow field compare with normal impeller while normal baffles gives high velocity vector depends on the configuration were used. From the results, it was showed that the fractal design can give a certain level of mixing efficiency in stirred tank. The PIV technique also gives good flow visualization in order to determine the flow pattern in stirred tank with a new concept of baffles and impellers.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: fractal; mixing; PIV; stirred tank
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA349-359 Mechanics of engineering. Applied mechanics
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Plant and Automotive Engineering
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2015 06:42
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2015 06:42
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/6365
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