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The effect of storage container and light exposure on biodiesel characteristics derived by crude palm oil

Khalid, Amir and Manshoor, Bukhari and Sapit, Azwan and Razali, Mohd Azahari and Zaman, Izzuddin and Mohamad, Mohd Nor Anuar (2014) The effect of storage container and light exposure on biodiesel characteristics derived by crude palm oil. In: International Integrated Engineering Summit (IIES 2014), 1-4 December 2014, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Johor.

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Abstract

This study investigated the effect of types of storage container used to store biodiesel blend (B5) under different storage duration and environment. The biodiesel samples were stored in plastic and glass container under indoor condition with exposure to fluorescent light for 12 weeks. These samples were monitored and the properties tests were recorded for weekly basis. The effects of storage conditions on properties of biodiesel, experimental testing on density, viscosity, acid value, water content and flash point were discussed in detail. Analysis of this study showed that different storage duration, condition and container used gave a significant effect toward the changes of water content, acid value and viscosity. Sample stored in a glass container under indoor without being exposed to any form of light condition recorded the best quality while sample stored in a plastic container under outdoor condition had the worst quality. A long period of storage would decrease the quality of biodiesel due to exposure to direct sunlight, oxidization between ambient oxygen and double bond biodiesel, hydrolysis process between the ambient air and methyl ester and condensation within the storage tank

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: biodiesel; storage duration; biodiesel characteristics; mixture formation; optical visualization
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP315-360 Fuel
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Plant and Automotive Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Nurhayati Ali
Date Deposited: 10 May 2015 06:20
Last Modified: 10 May 2015 06:20
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/6409
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