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Effects of temperature and ambient pressure on spray characteristics of biodiesel combustion

Mohmad Ja'at @ Mohd Noh, Md Norrizam and Khalid, Amir and Sapit, Azwan and Basharie, Siti Mariam and Andsaler, Adiba Rhaodah and Ramsy, Him (2014) Effects of temperature and ambient pressure on spray characteristics of biodiesel combustion. In: International Integrated Engineering Summit (IIES 2014) , 1-4 December 2014, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Johor.

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Abstract

Diesel fuel injection is the most dominant in ignition process of the diesel engines combustion. Diesel engines have been widely used in heavy-duty and light-duty vehicles due to their higher fuel economy, efficient and powerful than spark ignition (SI) engines. The principal objective of this research is to seek the effect of temperature and pressure on the spray characteristics, as well as fuel-air mixing characteristics. Experiments were performed in a constant volume chamber at specified ambient gas temperature and pressure. This research was continued with injecting diesel fuel into the chamber using a Bosch common rail system. Direct photography technique with a digital camera was used to clarify the real images of mixture formation such as spray penetration, fuel evaporation and spray interference. The liquid phase of the spray reaches a maximum penetration distance soon after the start of injection, while the vapour phase of the spray continues to penetrate downstream. The condition to which the fuel is affected was estimated by combining information on the wall chamber temperature, ambient temperature and photographs of the spray. The increases in ambient pressure inside the chamber resulting in gain of spray area and wider spray angle. Thus predominantly promotes for a better fuel-air premixing

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: diesel; constant chamber; spray area; spray angle
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP315-360 Fuel
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Plant and Automotive Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Nurhayati Ali
Date Deposited: 12 May 2015 07:00
Last Modified: 12 May 2015 07:00
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/6413
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