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Impact of alkali treatment conditions on kenaf fiber polyester composite tensile strength

Hashim, Mohd Yussni and Roslan, Mohd Nazrul (2014) Impact of alkali treatment conditions on kenaf fiber polyester composite tensile strength. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 660. pp. 285-289. ISSN 1662-7482

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Abstract

The increase of environmental issues awareness has accelerated the utilization of renewable resources like plant fiber to be used as reinforced material in polymer composite. However, there are significant problems of compatibility between the fiber and the matrix due to weakness in the interfacial adhesion of the natural fiber with the synthetic matrices. One of the solutions to overcome this problem is using chemical modification like alkali treatment. In this study, the impact of alkali treatment conditions on short randomly oriented kenaf fiber reinforced polyester matrix composite tensile strength was investigated. The experimental design setting was based on 2 level factorial experiments. Two parameters were selected during alkali treatment process which are kenaf fiber immersion duration (at 30 minute and 480 minute) and alkali solution temperature (at 40oC and 80oC). Alkali concentration was fixed at 2% (w/v) and the kenaf polyester volume fraction ratio was 10:90. The composite specimens were tested to determine the tensile properties according to ASTM D638-10 Type I. JOEL scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to study the microstructure of the material. The result showed that alkali treatment conditions setting do have the impact on tensile strength of short randomly oriented kenaf polyester composite. The interaction factors between immersion time and temperature was found to have prominent factors to the tensile strength of composite followed by the immersion time factor.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: factorial analysis; alkali treatment conditions; kenaf fiber; tensile strength; composite
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401-492 Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2015 12:55
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2015 12:55
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/6416
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