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Rollover analysis of heavy vehicle bus

Mohd Nor, Mohd Khir and Dol Baharin, M. Z. (2014) Rollover analysis of heavy vehicle bus. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 660. pp. 633-636. ISSN 1662-7482

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Abstract

Rollover is motor vehicle accident that occurs when vehicle is tipping over onto its side or roof. Due to its fatality rate, the Malaysian government reinforced an Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UN/ECE) Regulation no. 66 (R66) upon bus construction. This is to prevent the catastrophic consequences of rollover accidents. The R66 regulation provides an option of certification based on full-scale vehicle testing that maitaning the survival space. Therefore research that contribute to the development of safe transportation vehicle under rollover is really important. The physical prototype of rollover test can be simplified using simulation model. Using this motivation, the characteristic of heavy vehicle rolleover is investigated in this paper. The simulation was performed using ANSYS simulation tool and simplified by locating the position of the bus in unstable equilibriumm, just before it hit the ground. Another method is to perform a quasi-static loading test. The quasi-static simulation test was performed using impact load that directed towards the side of beam around the centre of frame body. The dynamic response due to rollover impact was determined using an Explicit Dynamic Analysis in ANSYS. The stress maximum stress first developed around the impact area before lag the stress stream to the opposite side. It can be observed that the maximum stress point is located at the middle structure of impact side. After few times of impact, the maximum stress starts to changes to the opposite side. Quasistatic simulation result in higher total deformation on impact side area. It also indicates high maximum stress point around the middle structure.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: vehicle rollover; crash and impact, ANSYS simulation tool; dynamic analysis; superstructure bus
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics > TL1-484 Motor vehicles. Cycles
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Engineering Mechanics
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2015 06:37
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2015 06:37
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/6438
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