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Soda anthraquinone pulping of oil palm male flower spikes

Masrol, Shaiful Rizal and Ibrahim, Mohd Halim Irwan and Adnan, Sharmiza and Amir Shah, M. S. S. and Main, Nor Mazlana and Esa, Mohd Faizal and Othman, Mohd Hilmi (2014) Soda anthraquinone pulping of oil palm male flower spikes. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 660. pp. 373-377. ISSN 1662-7482

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Abstract

This study was carried out to investigate the characteristics of pulp and paper produced from oil palm oil male flower spikes (OPMFS). The evaluation of the pulping process was studied based on the chemical Soda Anthraquinone pulping process. 60 gsm papersheet of oil palm male flower spikes were prepared from unbeaten and unbleached OPMFS Soda-AQ pulp. All optical, physical and mechanical characteristics were investigated according to TAPPI and MS ISO standards. OPMFS pulp recorded value of 6.42 s, 353 ml, 76.5 %, 36.7 % and 9.35 for drainage time, freeness, moisture content, screened yield percentage and Kappa number respectively. OPMFS paper sheet recorded value of 56.99 g/m2, 131.11 μm and 0.43 g/m3 for grammage, bulking thickness and apparent bulk density respectively. Unbleached OPMFS paper also recorded 26.49 % and 43.50 % for brightness and opacity. For mechanical characteristics, OPMFS paper recorded 39.10 N.m/g, 8.32 mN.m2/g, 3.15 kPa.m2/g and 38.50 for tensile index, tear index, burst index and folding endurance (no.) respectively. This research demonstrate some potential characteristics of oil palm male flower spikes (OPMFS) paper to be investigated as a newly explored non-wood based raw material for papermaking.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: soda-AQ; pulp; paper; oil palm; oil palm male flower spikes (OPMFS)
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS1080-1268 Paper manufacture and trade
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering Technology > Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2015 08:02
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2015 08:02
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/6440
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