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The effect of bottom ash on fresh characteristic, compressive strength and water absorption of self-compacting concrete

Zainal Abidin, Norul Ernida and Wan Ibrahim, Mohd Haziman and Jamaluddin, Norwati and Kamaruddin, Kartini and Hamzah, Ahmad Farhan (2014) The effect of bottom ash on fresh characteristic, compressive strength and water absorption of self-compacting concrete. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 660. pp. 145-151. ISSN 1662-7482

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Bottom ash is a solid residue produced through combustion process in a coal-fired power plant. It has been catogarized as a waste and usually disposed in the utility disposed site. With higher demand on the power energy, more coal-power plant are constructed and abundance of bottom ash are produced. Recently, the utilization of bottom ash in the construction industry has gained the interest of researches. Since it has similiar particle size distribution as normal sand, many attempt has been made in studying it potential use in mortar and concrete. In complementary to that, this paper presents the effect of bottom ash on fresh and hardened properties of self-compacting concrete (SCC). Bottom ash is used as fine aggregate replacing sand with replacement ratio range from 0% to 30% by volume. The effects of bottom ash on the SCC were investigated by comparing the test result of SCC mixed bottom ash with control specimens (0% of bottom ash). The test result on fresh properties of the concrete mixture revealed that, as the replacement level of bottom ash increased, the slump flow, L-box passing ratio and segregation resistance ratio (SR) decreased. Nevertheless, the slump flow time (T500) result increased with the increased of bottom ash content. The results show that the porosity and the irregular shape of the bottom ash particle has great influence on workability and viscosity of the fresh concete. The compressive strength and water absorption test are carried out on the sample at curing time of 7 and 28days. In terms of strength, the use of bottom ash in the production of SCC has increased the compressive strength of the concrete up to 15% replacement level. The increase in strength show the presence of the pozzolanic reactivity in a concrete with bottom ash particle. The water absorption rate was observed to be lower with a sample which having 10% and 15% replacement level.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: self-compacting concrete; bottom ash; fine aggregate; strength
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401-492 Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials
Divisions: Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering > Department of Structural and Material Engineering
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2015 06:33
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2015 06:33
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/6469
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