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Thin layer modeling of grated coconut drying

Zainal Abidin, Muhammad Haniff and Sabudin, Sulastri and Zakaria, Jamal Hazri and Mohideen Batcha, Mohd Faizal (2014) Thin layer modeling of grated coconut drying. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 660. pp. 367-372. ISSN 1662-7482

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With the increasing demand for new and energy efficient drying methods of agricultural products, various techniques were deviced by researchers around the world. This techniques usually developed in laboratory scale prior to scale-up for actual industrial application. During this stage, modeling usually involved to aid scaling up process. This paper presents the modeling of drying kinetics of grated coconut using three semi emperical thin layer model. These models were Logarithmic, Modified Handerson and Pabis, and Verma et al models. Moisture ratio predicted by these models were compared against experimental drying carried out at four temperatures: 50°C, 60°C, 70°C and 80°C. The performance of these models were analyzed statistically using non-linear regression using LabFit software. The statistical parameters analyzed were coefficient of determination (R2), reduced Chi-square (X2), Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) and Residuals. Higher R2 with lower X2, RMSE and Residuals implies good predictability of the models. From the analysis, it was found that Logarithmic model yields the best predictive capability of grated coconut drying kinetics with R2 = 0.9996387, X2 =0.505535x10-3, RMSE = 0.00623597 and Residuals = 0.0703607.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: drying; grated coconut; thin layer model; moisture ratio
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP363 Heating, drying, cooling, evaporating
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2015 08:10
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2015 08:10
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/6480
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