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Suitability of coir fibers as pulp and paper

Main, Nor Mazlana and A. Talib, Rosnita and Ibrahim, Rushdan and Abdul Rahman, Russly and Mohamed, Ainun Zuriyati (2014) Suitability of coir fibers as pulp and paper. In: ICAFE 2014 : XII International Conference on Agricultural and Food Engineering, 5-6 June 2014, New York, USA.

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Abstract

This study was to investigate the suitability of coir fibers as an alternative material in making pulp and paper. Maceration process was used to characterize the fiber. Soda-AQ pulping with various combinations of active alkali (18-22%) and cooking time (90-150 minutes) at fixed temperature was done. Physical properties evaluated were density, brightness, opacity, scattering coefficient, tear, burst and tensile index. Ascon-centration of active alkali and cooking time increased, the physical properties values also increased, except for the opacity and scattering coefficient. The optimum condition for producing the strongest paper is using 22% active alkali in 120 minutes.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: coir fiber; characterization; soda-AC pulping; pulp and paper; paper properties
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS1080-1268 Paper manufacture and trade
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering Technology > Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2015 07:16
Last Modified: 30 Mar 2015 07:16
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/6505
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