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Velocity profile measurement of solid particles using LED as a light source

Mahmod, M. Marwan and M. A., Hanis Liyana and Mohamad, Elmy Johana and Marwah @ Omar, Omar Mohd Faizan (2014) Velocity profile measurement of solid particles using LED as a light source. In: 2014 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development (SCOReD), 16-17 December 2014, Penang, Malaysia.


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Optical sensors have been widely available and used in medical applications and industries for decades. Its design comes in a wide range of varieties where each are tailored based on its type, use, size, nature of investigated materials etc. In this work, we focus on the development and investigation of an optical sensing module, which uses Light Emitting Diode (LED) as the light source and LED photosensor as detector. This sensor is to measure the velocity of a solid particle in a gas flow inside a closed pipe. Various factors such as power dissipation, wavelength of the light source, switching time and cost are considered in the design process of this sensor. The cross correlation technique is used to determine the flow rate where small particles were introduced in a natural gas flow and they went through two distanced sets of sensor module. The LED beam source in the first set of sensor will be scattered when the particle crosses it then the corresponding photodetector will collect the light signal received and generates a pulse signal. The second pulse signal is generated when the particle crosses the second set of sensor after an interval of time. The time interval measured is used to calculate the velocity of the flow. An analysis of the received pulse signals is made to determine the best configurations of the sensors. At the end of this study, we were able to develop a simple, working, and cost effective sensing module.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: optical sensor; velocity measurement; particle droplet
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK7800-8360 Electronics
Divisions: Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering > Department of Robotic and Mechatronic Engineering
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2015 08:31
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2015 08:31
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/6543
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