UTHM Institutional Repository

Unveiling the concept of man and universe in the classical Malay Islamic texts using Izutsu's approach

Othman, Hussain (2008) Unveiling the concept of man and universe in the classical Malay Islamic texts using Izutsu's approach. In: International Conference on Contemporary Scholarship on Islam: Japanese Contribution to Islam Studies: The Legacy of Toshihiko Izutsu (ICONSIST), 5-7 August 2008, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM).


Download (17MB)


What was the true concept of man and universe acording to the Malay Muslims and as depicted by their classical texts? Oftentimes, the Hindu concept of devaraja or rajaship was claimed to be the most appropriate concept to explain the Malay concept of Man. While the Hindu concept of mount Mahaveru was used to explain the concept of universe in the Malay Islamic tradition. Unfortunately, this could only explain the ancient Hindu perspective which is only a minor part of it and neglecting the major part of the Malay tradition based on the Islamic perspective. How then to explain the Malay Islamic perspective on the concept of man and universe? The researcher has very fortunate to have Izutsu's approach and model to answer this question. Using Izutsu's model, the researcher has finally arrived at the conclusion that the concept of man in Malay Islamic texts is not the concept of the devaraja or "rajaship", rather it was strongly based on the concept of duties and responsibilites inspired by the religious consciousness of the people. Similarly, the concept of universe in Malay Islamic tradition is not the concept of mount Mahaveru. It was rather the concept of al-dunya wal akhirah. This finding will not be possible if not because of Izutsu's God and Man in the Qur'an. Undoubtedly, this book has offered "once and for all" solution for the researcher to unveil the true perspective of some great works of the Malay Islamic tradition. The purpose of this paper is to discuss further some tremendous discoveries of the concept of man and universe embedded in three great books of Malay Islamic texts of history namely Sejarah Melayu, Hikayat Raja-raja Pasai and Hikayat Merong Mahawangsa using Izutsu's approach and model contain in his monumental work God and Man in the Qur'an.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BL Religion
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc > BP174-190 The practice of Islam
Divisions: Faculty of Applied Science and Technology > Department of Humanities
Depositing User: En. Sharul Ahmad
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2015 08:15
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2015 08:15
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/6780
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year