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Optimization and characterization of anatase formed on anodized titanium in sulfuric acid

Saleh, S. S. and Abdullah, Hasan Zuhudi (2015) Optimization and characterization of anatase formed on anodized titanium in sulfuric acid. In: 2nd International Materials, Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering Conference (MIMEC 2015), 4-6 February 2015, Bali Nusa Dua Convention Center, Bali, Indonesia.

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Abstract

Anodic oxidation is used to modify the surface of pure titanium in a sulphuric acid electrolyte in order to maximize and characterize the TiO2 anatase crystalline phase. In the present work, thick films of the anatase polymorph of TiO2 were formed on commercially pure Ti foil under potentials 100V-140V at current densities 40 and 60 mA/cm2 for 10 min. Multiple characterisation techniques were used and found that the maximum level of significantly formed anatase intensity where no significant rutile formation is observed at potential 140 V according to X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM) images have shown porous surfaces as the applied voltage increased. Water contact angle (WCA) values observed hydrophilicity on the coated surfaces with samples anodized at 120 V have the highest wettability. It can be concluded that the highest amount of anatase before rutile threshold in sulfuric acid is observed under voltages 140 V and below

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: titanium; anodic oxidation; anatase; surface modification; WCA
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP250-261 Industrial electrochemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Materials Engineering and Design
Depositing User: Mrs. Nurhayati Ali
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2015 02:25
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2015 02:25
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/6844
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