UTHM Institutional Repository

A discussion on the risk management of outdoor education : literature review

Mohamed Jamal, Abidah Ainah and Esa, Ahmad and Padil, Suhaili (2015) A discussion on the risk management of outdoor education : literature review. In: 2nd International Conference On Global Trends In Academic Research. Global Illuminators Publishing, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Bandung, Indonesia, pp. 131-139. ISBN 978-969-9948-12-1

[img] PDF

Download (613kB)


This paper discusses risk management in outdoor education to provide and ensure a safe environment for each event. Risk is the primary element that is applied in a outdoor education programs specifically for human physical and mental potential. It is driven by the emergence of a number of issues such as the occurrence of accidents in outdoor education. However, there are some organizers who failed to control the element of risk in outdoor education program due to their negligence, site activity which is not secure and low quality coaching. Indirectly, this will cause various effects that will lead to the termination of a number of outdoor education programs that has been available to be completed. Outdoor education should be used as the main medium for educating students, educators and administrators about the techniques of dealing with risk in outdoor education program such as the United States, Great Britain, New Zealand and Australia make outdoor education as the main medium for educating the public about the safety of the nature. Risk management in outdoor education is very important in a balanced human development and harmony as outlined by the National Education Philosophy (Philosophy of Education). Risk management has become an awareness in the management field but it is not given the widespread understanding of when, how, where and who should be held responsible. Risk management is also defined as an area of activity that wants to eliminate, reduce and control the risks in general and to improve the benefits and avoid harm from risk. This study aims to identify the constructs of risk management in outdoor education based on literature review. Interests and needs of risk management in outdoor education in producing knowledgeable students also will be discussed.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: human development; outdoor education; risk management
Subjects: L Education > LC Special aspects of education > LC0065 Social aspects of education
Divisions: Faculty of Technical and Vocational Education > Department of Vocational Education
Depositing User: Prof. Madya Dr Ahmad Bin Esa
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2015 06:34
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2015 06:34
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/6857
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year