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Risk management through community service program : literature review

Mohamed Jamal, Abidah Ainah and Esa, Ahmad (2014) Risk management through community service program : literature review. In: International Seminar On Technival and Vocational Education 2014 (TVEIS 2014). Faculty of Education, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia, UTM Skudai, Johor Bahru, Johor Malaysia, pp. 718-725. ISBN 978-967-12174-2-9

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Risk management is important in outdoor education to provide and ensure safe environment for each event. Risk is a key element applied in outdoor education programs specifically for human physical and mental potential. Outdoor education should be used as the main medium for educating students, educators and administrators about the techniques to overcome the risk in outdoor education programs. Developed countries like United States, Great Britain, New Zealand and Australia make outdoor education as the main medium for educating the public about the safety of the nature. Risk management has become an awareness in the management field but it is not given the widespread understanding of when, how, where and who should be held responsible. Risk management is also defined as an area of activity that wants to eliminate, reduce and control the risks in general and to improve the benefits and avoid harm from risk. This is driven from the rise of some issues such as the occurrence of incidence of accidents which hurt the performance of outdoor education. Unfortunately,there are some organisers who failed to control the element of risk in outdoor education programs due to their negligence, site activity which is not secure, low quality coaching and natural disasters. Indirectly, this will cause various effects that will lead to the termination of a number of outdoor education programs that has been available to be completed. Outdoor education is very important in a balanced human development and harmony as outlined by the National Education Philosophy(Philosophy of Education). In this paper will be discussed by various facts and research support in the risk management and outdoor education programs.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: risk management; outdoor education
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD61 Risk Management
Divisions: Faculty of Technical and Vocational Education > Department of Vocational Education
Depositing User: Prof. Madya Dr Ahmad Bin Esa
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2015 06:23
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2015 06:23
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/6858
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