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Thermal cyclic test for Sn-4Ag-0.5Cu solders on high P Ni/Au and Ni/Pd/Au surface finishes

Mohd Ariff, Azmah Hanim and Ourdjini, Ali and Idris, Siti Rabiatull Aisha and Osman, Saliza Azlina (2015) Thermal cyclic test for Sn-4Ag-0.5Cu solders on high P Ni/Au and Ni/Pd/Au surface finishes. In: International Conference on Mechanical Engineering Research (ICMER), 18-19 August 2015, Kuantan, Pahang.


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In electronic packaging, the reliability of the interconnection changes with the surface finish and the type of solders being used. Thermal cycling is one method of reliability assessment. In thermal cycling experiments, the strain state is simplified by soldering together regular shaped pieces of materials with different coefficients of thermal expansion and exposing the joint to repeated fluctuations of temperature within a certain range. Thus, this study focus on the intermetallic evolution of Sn-4Ag-0.5Cu on Ni/Au and Ni/Pd/Au surface finishes with thermal cycling up to 1000 cycles with the range of temperature varying from 10 to 80 °C. Optical microscope and FESEM (Field emission scanning electron microscope) were used to analyze the samples. From the study, it was observed that the intermetallic changes from (Cu, Ni)6Sn5 to (Ni, Cu)3Sn4 after 1000 thermal cycles for Ni/Au. This changes promotes the formation of cracks at the solder joint because of the different mechanical properties between Ni-Sn based intermetallic and Cu-Sn intermetallics. However, for the Ni/Pd/Au surface finishes, no cracks formed after thermal cycling up to 1000 cycles. Showing that the reliability of the solder joint is higher for Ni/Pd/Au surface finishes in this experiment.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ni/Au; Ni/Pd/Au; lead free solders; thermal cyclic test; Sn-4Ag-0.5Cu
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401-492 Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2015 07:51
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2015 07:51
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/7233
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