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Effect of high pressure on the flow characteristics of injector using computational fluid dynamics (CFD)

Khalid, Amir and Andsaler, Adiba Rhaodah and Jaat, Norrizam (2015) Effect of high pressure on the flow characteristics of injector using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). In: International Engineering Research and Innovation Symposium 2015 (IRIS), 12–13 September 2015, Putrajaya, Malaysia.

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Abstract

The rapid compression machine was used for the wide observation region. A number of researchers were conducted the experiments to study on the mixture formation and combustion process was performed in Rapid Compression Machine (RCM). This research shows the injector nozzle geometries play a significant role in flow characteristics, atomization and formation of fuel-air mixture in order to improve combustion performance, and reduce some pollutant products from internal combustion engine system. The aim of this research is to determine the effects of high pressure on flow characteristics of the injector by using Computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Multiphase of volume of fluid (VOF) cavitating flow inside nozzles are determined by means of transient simulations and two-fluid approach is used for performing mixing of Coconut palm oil and air. Nozzle flow simulations resulted that cavitation area is strongly dependent on the nozzle conical injector. Conical hole with k-factor of 2 provides higher flow velocity and turbulent kinetic energy. The results show that the premix injector nozzle conical shape gives impact to the flow characteristics and indirectly affects the emission of the internal combustion engine system.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: computational fluid dynamics (CFD); Rapid Compression Machine (RCM); nozzle flow
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA349-359 Mechanics of engineering. Applied mechanics
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Energy and Thermofluid Engineering
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2015 00:47
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2015 00:47
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/7304
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