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Pineapple leaf fiber and pineapple peduncle fiber analyzing and characterization for yarn production

Yusof, Yusri and Mat Nawi, Nazuandi and Alias, Muhammad Shazni Hilmi and Adam, Anbia (2015) Pineapple leaf fiber and pineapple peduncle fiber analyzing and characterization for yarn production. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 11 (6). pp. 4197-4202. ISSN 18196608

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Abstract

Pineapple fiber which is rich in cellulose, relatively inexpensive, and abundantly available has the potential for polymer reinforcement. Pineapple leaf fibers (PALF) is the natural fiber that has good potential reinforcement in the yarn production. This research is done to investigate the mechanical properties of PALF in the form of single fiber and the twisted fiber. There are 3 type of sample which is 15 minutes, 30 minutes, and 45 minutes. There have 2 sample which is single fiber and twisted fiber. After undergo the treatment, fiber used to be measure the diameter using video analyzer that contain microscope to determine the diameter. After that, twisted fiber used to take the twist per inch (TPI) of every twisted fiber. Tensile test used to be run to get the load and time when test is run.This research presents a study of the mechanical properties of pineapple leaf fiber and pineapple peduncle fiber reinforced polypropylene composites. Composites were fabricated using leaf fiber and peduncle fiber with varying fiber volume fraction. Both fibers were mixed with polypropylene composites by various fiber volume fractions of 2, 4 and 6%. The composites panels were fabricated using injection molding machine. The tensile test was carried out in accordance to ISO 527-5A while hardness test accordance to ASTM D2240. The result showed that pineapple peduncle fiber with 2% fiber volume fraction give the highest tensile properties and pineapple leaf fiber with 6% give the highest hardness properties. From the overall results, pineapple peduncle fiber shown the higher tensile properties compared to pineapple leaf fiber, however pineapple leaf fiber shown higher hardness properties compared to pineapple peduncle fiber. It is found that by increasing the fiber volume fraction the tensile properties has decreased while hardness properties has increased. From the analysis done, there is a significant effect of fiber volume fraction on the tensile and hardness properties.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: pineapple leaf fiber; pineapple peduncle fiber; mechanical properties
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401-492 Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2016 08:48
Last Modified: 15 Aug 2016 08:48
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/7452
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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