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Development of trainee's innovation skill National Dual Training System (NDTS) environment

Akhmar Ahmad, Suzilasahibatul (2015) Development of trainee's innovation skill National Dual Training System (NDTS) environment. PhD thesis, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.


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In an increasingly knowledge-driven global economy, human capital development is a major driver of a country's economic competitiveness. Thus the old tradition of training which consist of three main blocks; academic, technical skill and industrial training is not sufficient. In vocational education system, it usually equipped trainees with too much specialised and too little general skills. Apparently vocational education systems need to be reformed to ensure the trainees are more equipped with generic skills that allow them to easily adopt changing job requirement. The purpose of this study is mainly to develop a framework to foster innovation skill for IKM/KKTM trainees. With such framework, it can ensure that trainess graduated from IKM/KKTM will be ready for a more flexible workforce with advanced technical skills coupled with well-developed generic skills, where is highly needed in globalised, competitive, and knowledge-based society. This cross sectional survey research is designed with three sets of questionnaires and a session of interview. First set of questionnaire consists of 51 items which is Creative Climate Questionnaire in IKM/KKTM with Cronbach's alpha 0.92, used to measure climate for creativity, and was carried out from 554 trainees and trainers of KKTM Ledang, KKTM Sri Gading and IKM Johor Bahru. Second set of questionnaire named SoR Skills Development, with Cronbach's alpha 0.89, was set to confirm the theories about the advantages and the implication of creative and innovation activity towards trainee's soft skills that have contribute to their innovation skill. A total of 262 respondents from MARA Innovation Competition 2012 participants. Third set of questionnaire named Implementation and Improvement of Innovation consist of 56 items with Cronbach's alpha 0.969, used to identify the opinion from the community regarding the implementation and their suggestion for the improvement of creative and innovation development. A total of 163 trainers from KKTM Ledang, KKTM Sri Gading and KM Johor Bahru contributed as respondents in the study. Qualitative data from an interview session with personnel from Competition and Innovation Unit in Technical and Vocational Division of MARA was used as an additional source of information. Researcher had identified seven major components of enablers for nurturing creativity and innovation in IKM/KKTM. As presented in alphabetical order the enablers are: climate (environment); curriculum, trainer, fund and infrastructure; innovation activity; management; and policy. The framework was developed based on these enablers and went though The validation process with six individual fiom MARA to verify and affirm the outcome. The researcher also reafirmed the theories that innovation activity iike MARA Innovation Competition did significantfy improve trainee's soft skills, particularly in the elements of: communication; motivation; conceptual; problem solving; critical thinking; leadership; discipline; teamwork; learning; organization; and all these, leads to enhancement of IKM/KKTM's trainees with innovation skills.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2016 08:51
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2016 08:51
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/7487
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