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Numerical study of jet impingement cooling on a smooth curve surface

Mohammed Hayder, Ali (2014) Numerical study of jet impingement cooling on a smooth curve surface. Masters thesis, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.

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Abstract

Impinging jets are a best method of achieving particularly high heat transfer coefficient and are therefore employed in many engineering applications. In this study we seek to understand the mechanism of the distributed heat on the curve surface with the goal of identifying preferred methods to predicting jet performance. The goals that have been achieved in the numerical results displayed are determine the influence of impingement jet characteristics on thermal and flow field on a curve surface, determine the variation of Nusselt numbers (NuD) along the curve surface in order to understand the heat transfer characteristics and study the effect of position (in the center, in the mid and in the end) and angle (α=90°, 60° and 30°) of jet impingement on curve surface, different Reynolds numbers (ReD) in range of (5000, 6000, 7000, 8000 and 9000). The program, which was extracted results it is (GAMBIT 2.4.6) and (FLUENT 6.3), simulation is (2-D) in submerged jet flow and the continuity, momentum and energy equations were solved by means of a finite volume method (FVM). This study covers the effect of different Reynolds numbers (ReD) on average Nusselt numbers (Nuavg) and local Nusselt numbers (NuD). From the result, the average Nusselt numbers (Nuavg) increased with the increase of Reynolds numbers (ReD) for all cases, in comparison between different positions (center, mid and end), of nozzle on curve surface at angle (α=90°) the maximum value of average Nusselt numbers (Nuavg=388.3) is found when the nozzle locate in the end followed by the mid position and smallest value of average Nusselt numbers (Nuavg=182.25) in the center of curve surface. In case of slant angle (α=60º) the maximum value of average Nusselt numbers (Nuavg=387.47) is found when the nozzle locate in the end followed by the mid position and smallest value of average Nusselt numbers (Nuavg=308.3) in the center of curve surface. In case of slant angle (α=30º) the maximum value of average Nusselt numbers (Nuavg=323.8) is found when the nozzle locate in the mid followed by the center position and smallest value of average Nusselt numbers (Nuavg=185) in the end of curve surface. The effect of jet impingement in the center, mid and end of curve surface at different slant angles (α=30°, 60° and 90°) on the contours of velocity and temperature are also presented, it is clearly found that the strong mixing or high turbulence flow beside the stagnation point in the right and left sides in case of the nozzle in the center and in the mid, and also noted that the flow beside the stagnation point in the one sides only in case of the nozzle in the end which leading to provide the many vortices and this vortices increases with increase the Reynolds numbers (ReD). The highest mixing flow and vortices was noted at highest Reynolds number (ReD=9000) the flow was found weak at smallest Reynolds number (ReD=5000). The variations of local Nusselt numbers (NuD) with (s/B) for different Reynolds numbers (ReD) were also presented. It is clearly seen that the local Nusselt numbers (NuD) increases with the rise of Reynolds numbers (ReD) for the nozzle for all cases.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ255-265 Heat engines
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2016 07:13
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2016 07:13
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/7524
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