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Urban regeneration financing and land value capture in Malaysia

Eni, Sabariah (2014) Urban regeneration financing and land value capture in Malaysia. Masters thesis, University of Ulster.


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Property development is seen as one of the key element in urban regeneration process in halting decline in town and cities. Moreover, the regeneration policy is viewed as a key driver of economic, physical and social growth. Thus, it is an expansive and pervasive measure to policy making decisions. Post 2007 sets the challenges as Global Financial Crisis (GFC) led to the uncertainty and financial constraint for urban regeneration. However, sustainable economic growth demands considerable investment to finance the development and associated infrastructure. The traditional practice to finance the development is by way of public investment. This places a huge burden on governments in terms of raising sufficient investment. In the face of continuing economic crisis, this study examines alternative funding vehicles to fund urban regeneration projects. One possible alternative financing tool is LVC (LVC). Large public investment in infrastructure can substantially increase the value of land in close proximity to the development. Capturing the value of this benefit through land use policy and alternative financing instruments is increasingly important to urban regeneration projects. This study explores an alternative financing mechanism designed to capture the uplift in land value due to development activity. This study examines the application of "value capture" in terms of its prospect and challenges in Malaysia. This thesis provides the first comprehensive empirical investigation in urban regeneration financing and LVC in Malaysia. The analysis also identifies various LVC mechanisms that are applied around the world and their potential for application in Malaysia. The thesis presents the first substantial Malaysian study that explicitly explains the role of key property players in urban regeneration and LVC. Case studies in Kuala Lumpur and Johor Bahru are utilised to show the need for urban regeneration. A qualitative methodology is adopted to gain quality data from the respondents. Interviews with the stakeholders and end user groups in the property industry demonstrate that there are no proper guidelines hence there is: (1) no urgency to adopt the urban regeneration concept, (2) no awareness or intention in capturing land value, and (3) no real opportunity to capture value. The results demonstrate that there is a minimal degree of acceptance of urban regeneration concepts and applicability of LVC as a funding model in Malaysia. The outcome of this study comprises recommendations for more viable strategies and policies that LVC offers to finance urban regeneration. Firstly, this thesis highlights the opportunities and barriers in implementing LVC. Secondly, to ensure its potential, there will need to be political will and government agencies will need to implement appropriate regeneration strategies and fiscal reforms including guidelines for LVC implementation at federal, state and local government levels.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Depositing User: En. Sharul Ahmad
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2016 03:35
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2016 03:35
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/7901
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