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Performance of PSf ultrafiltration membrane: effect of different nonsolvent on coagulation medium

Shohur, Muhamad Fikri and Harun, Zawati and Lau, W. J. and Yunos, Muhamad Zaini and Jamalludin, Mohd Riduan (2013) Performance of PSf ultrafiltration membrane: effect of different nonsolvent on coagulation medium. Jurnal Teknologi, 65 (4). pp. 59-63. ISSN 21803722


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One of the big challenges in developing a good asymmetric membrane is macrovoid formation that leads to reduction of rejection value. The most common method to reduce or suppress macrovoid formation is by addition of controlled solvent to the coagulation bath. Therefore, the effect of difference coagulants based on dissolved KCl (monovalent) and dissolved Na2SO4(divalent) with different concentration onto asymmetric Polysulfone (PSf) ultrafiltration membrane was investigated in this work. The PSf ultrafiltration membranes were prepared by using phase inversion method using these two immerse aqueous solutions. The performances of membranes were evaluated via pure water flux (distilled water) and solute rejection (humic acid). Results on the cross section revealed that the structure of membrane show a straight pattern of bigger finger-like pore structure from top to bottom layer tend to reduce with at the same time the diameter of finger-like pore structure also increased, as salt medium of coagulant increases. These obviously shown by permeation values for both salt mediums were higher compared to without salt coagulant. This reduction of finger-like structure at bottom layer occurred along together with the formation of sponge shape structure. The growth of thick sponge shape is strongly influence by kinetic phase inversion of salt coagulant that also creates resistance to permeation mechanism. However the intense salt coagulant medium can cause the bigger sponge structure that will slightly reduce rejection and increase the permeation. This was proved by the rejection of KCl medium started to increase at 1-3% but slightly reduced at 4%. Based on the result analysis demonstrated that the ideal membrane with highest rejection and good permeation values was membrane immersed into 1% Na2SO4 coagulation medium.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: polysulfone (PSf); polyethelene glycols (PEG); sodium sulphate (Na2SO4); potassium chloride (KCl)
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Materials Engineering and Design
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2016 10:00
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2016 10:00
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/8258
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