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Phylogenetic relationships of Malaysia’s pig-tailed macaque macaca nemestrina based on d-loop region sequences

Abu Bakar, Muhammad Abdul Latiff and Ampeng, A. and Yaakop, S. and Md-Zain, B. M. Phylogenetic relationships of Malaysia’s pig-tailed macaque macaca nemestrina based on d-loop region sequences. In: AIP Conference Proceedings, 9-11 April 2014, Selangor, Malaysia.

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Abstract

Phylogenetic relationships among Malaysian pig-tailed macaques have never been established even though the data are crucial in aiding conservation plan for the species. The aims of this study is to establish the phylogenetic relationships of Macaca nemestrina in Malaysia. A total of 21 genetic samples of M. nemestrina yielding 458 bp of Dloop sequences were used in phylogenetic analyses, in addition to one sample of M. fascicularis which was used as an outgroup. Sequence character analysis revealed that D-loop locus contains 23% parsimony informative character detected among the ingroups. Further analysis indicated a clear separation between populations originating from different regions; the Malay Peninsula populations are separated from Borneo Insular population; and Perak population formed a distinctive clade within Peninsular Malaysia populations. Phylogenetic trees (NJ, MP and Bayesian) portray a consistent clustering paradigm as Borneo population was distinguished from Peninsula population (100% bootstrap value in theNJ, MP, 1.00 posterior probability in Bayesian trees). Perak’s population was separated from other Peninsula populations (100% in NJ, 99% in MP and1.00 in Bayesian). D-loop region of mtDNA is proven to be a suitable locus in studying the separation of M. nemestrina at population level. These findings are crucial in aiding the conservation management and translocation process of M. fascicularis populations in Malaysia.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: pig-tailed macaque; Macaca nemestrina; D-loop; mtDNA; phylogenetic relationships
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Applied Science and Technology > Department of Technolgy and Heritage
Depositing User: Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2018 03:38
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2018 03:38
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/8294
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